Transparency (Open Budget Index) 44/100

The Government of Turkey provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 21/100

The Government of Turkey is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 17/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Turkey is weak.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Turkey is adequate.


Improving Transparency

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more details on policy narratives and performance information, as well as more information on issues beyond the core budget.
Improving Participation

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.