Quality of Education Reforms: The Case of HakiElimu’s Campaign of 2005-2007

By Ayub Rioba and Debbie Budlender.

HakiElimu is a civil society organization in Tanzania that works to ensure that all the country’s children receive high-quality basic education. When developing its Programme Strategy for 2004-2007, HakiElimu noted improvements in enrollment levels, but identified a lack of attention to education quality. This case study describes the campaign that led to improvements in Tanzania’s schools.

A short summary and one page summary of this case study are available in English. Summaries are also available in:

Earthquake Reconstruction in Pakistan: The Case of the Omar Asghar Khan Development Foundation’s Campaign

By Dr. Pervez Tahir

The devastating earthquake that shook the Hazara region and the Azad Kashmir province in Northwest Pakistan on October 2005 led to a flood of donor money for reconstruction and rehabilitation in the affected areas. Three years later many people were still without adequate housing or critical public infrastructure. This is partly the result of unfulfilled government promises and the slow pace of reconstruction projects. This case study describes how a large coalition of civil society organizations (CSOs) and citizens embarked on a campaign to jump-start Pakistan’s efforts to rebuild. The campaign was led by the Omar Asghar Khan Development Foundation, a CSO that engages people in the Northwest region in efforts to secure their human and livelihood rights.

A short summary and one page summary of this case study are available in English. Summaries are also available in:

OECD Best Practices for Budget Transparency

This reference tool for budget transparency as an element for good governance looks at the content of budget reports governments should produce and how to ensure their quality and integrity. This resource is of particular interest to OECD member and non-member countries interested in improving the level of budget transparency in their respective countries.

IMF Manual on Fiscal Transparency

An excellent guide explaining IMF transparency standards in detail and discussing government approaches to meeting them. Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish, here.


United Nations INTOSAI’s Lima Declaration of Guidelines on Auditing Precepts

The Lima Declaration is intended to provide criteria to ensure the independence and effectiveness of government auditing. This document provides the basic principles that must be respected in a country’s constitution and its implementing legislation to ensure the independence of the Supreme Audit Institution from the executive. It also details other important aspects of its investigative mandates and practices to ensure its effective functioning.

The Lima Declaration online >>