Raising The Stakes: The Impact of HakiElimu’s Advocacy Work on Education Policy and Budget in Tanzania

By Ruth Carlitz (University of California, Los Angeles) and Rosie McGee (Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex).

Tanzania has invested heavily in ensuring that all children have access to education. Civil society group HakiElimu stepped in to take the political commitment beyond enrollment and graduation targets to meaningful policy decisions that lead to higher quality schooling. This case study examines the issues, campaign, and impact.

The full version and short summary of this case study are available in English. The short summary case study is available in French and Spanish.

Social Justice Coalition Pushes for Access to Sanitation in Informal Settlements in South Africa

By Neil Overy (independent researcher). 

This case study was updated in 2013. The short summary and full version are available in English.

Formed in 2008, the Social Justice Coalition (SJC) is a coalition of civil society organisations in the informal settlement of Khayelitsha in Cape Town, South Africa. In response to reports from residents about the inadequate and unsafe conditions of sanitation facilities in the settlement, the SJC therefore launched the Clean and Safe Sanitation Campaign in 2010. The campaign aimed to ensure that the City Council properly maintained existing toilets and also provided additional clean and safe sanitation facilities in informal settlements. SJC’s campaign had several concrete achievements, such as the City’s introduction of a janitorial service for regular maintenance of flush toilets and standpipes. To achieve these gains, SJS relied on a multifaceted approach including extensive research, a legal strategy, media publicity targeting both poor and wealthy communities, protest, and some budget work.

The one page summary (November 2012), short summary (November 2012), and full version (November 2012) of this case study are available in English. The short summary case study (November 2012) is available in Spanish and French.


South African Legal Resources Centre Successfully Advocates for Adequate Education Facilities

By Alison Hickey Tshangana (independent researcher).

The Legal Resources Centre (LRC) is a South African nonprofit human rights organisation that conducts public interest litigation. In response to the South African government’s delays to remove mud schools in the Eastern Cape Province, LRC took the government to court in August 2010. As a result of the mounting legal pressures, in January 2011 the Eastern Cape Department of Education signed an agreement with LRC. According to the agreement, the national government would introduce a new three-year grant to address infrastructure backlogs, of which Eastern Cape would receive 78 percent of the total. In the interim, the provincial education department would provide temporary structures and furniture for the seven schools that joined the court case. Progress in implementing these agreements has been slow, but the LRC continues to apply pressure and monitor progress.

The one page summary, short summary, and the full version of this case study are available in English. The short summary is also available in Spanish and French.

Ghana: Budget Monitoring by SEND-Ghana and its Partners Helps Improve Nutrition for Children and Support Local Farmers

By Tony Dogbe (Participatory Development Associates, Ltd.) and Joana Kwabena-Adade (Participatory Development Associates, Ltd.).

Between 2007 and 2010, the Social Enterprise Development (SEND-Ghana) Foundation, one of the IBP’s partners, monitored the performance of the Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP, a government program that integrates social protection interventions), engaging with 50 district assemblies, 50 focal civil society organizations (CSOs), and 50 District Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC)/Citizens Monitoring Committees (DCMC) in seven regions across the country. SEND-Ghana used information from this monitoring exercise to promote improvements in the program with district assemblies and officials from collaborating ministries, departments, and agencies directly at the national, regional, and district levels, but also indirectly through the media.

The full versionshort summary, and one page summary of this case study are available in English, and the short summary is also available in Spanish, French, and Arabic.



Samarthan’s Campaign to Improve Access to the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in India

By Ramesh Awasthi (Mahila Sarvangeen Utkarsh Mandal).

This case study was updated in 2013. The full version and short summary are available in English.

In India the implementation of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), which guarantees a minimum of 100 days of unskilled work per year to every poor rural family that needs employment, has been ridden with bureaucratic glitches and widespread corruption. This case study examines a civil society campaign to address problems in the NREGA’s administration and mobilize people to demand work under the scheme.

The full version (August 2011), short summary (August 2011), and one page summary (August 2011) of this case study are available in English. Summaries (August 2011) are also available in Spanish, French, Chinese, and Arabic.