Raising The Stakes: The Impact of HakiElimu’s Advocacy Work on Education Policy and Budget in Tanzania

By Ruth Carlitz (University of California, Los Angeles) and Rosie McGee (Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex).

Tanzania has invested heavily in ensuring that all children have access to education. Civil society group HakiElimu stepped in to take the political commitment beyond enrollment and graduation targets to meaningful policy decisions that lead to higher quality schooling. This case study examines the issues, campaign, and impact.

The full version and short summary of this case study are available in English. The short summary case study is available in French and Spanish.

South African Legal Resources Centre Successfully Advocates for Adequate Education Facilities

By Alison Hickey Tshangana (independent researcher).

The Legal Resources Centre (LRC) is a South African nonprofit human rights organisation that conducts public interest litigation. In response to the South African government’s delays to remove mud schools in the Eastern Cape Province, LRC took the government to court in August 2010. As a result of the mounting legal pressures, in January 2011 the Eastern Cape Department of Education signed an agreement with LRC. According to the agreement, the national government would introduce a new three-year grant to address infrastructure backlogs, of which Eastern Cape would receive 78 percent of the total. In the interim, the provincial education department would provide temporary structures and furniture for the seven schools that joined the court case. Progress in implementing these agreements has been slow, but the LRC continues to apply pressure and monitor progress.

The one page summary, short summary, and the full version of this case study are available in English. The short summary is also available in Spanish and French.

Children’s Right to Early Education in the City of Buenos Aires: A Case Study on ACIJ’s Class Action

By Fernando Basch (University of Buenos Aires/University of Palermo).

Through a complex litigation strategy that involved “freedom of information” requests, budget analysis, and media dissemination, the Civil Association for Equality and Justice (Asociación Civil por la Igualdad y la Justicia, or ACIJ) pressured the formerly reluctant government of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, to acknowledge a legitimate unsatisfied claim related to school vacancies for initial-level education and commit to making significant policy changes. This case study examines the ACIJ campaign and draws lessons for civil society engagement in public finance processes.

The full version, short summary, and one page summary of this case study are available in English.  Summaries are also available in:

Quality of Education Reforms: The Case of HakiElimu’s Campaign of 2005-2007

By Ayub Rioba and Debbie Budlender.

HakiElimu is a civil society organization in Tanzania that works to ensure that all the country’s children receive high-quality basic education. When developing its Programme Strategy for 2004-2007, HakiElimu noted improvements in enrollment levels, but identified a lack of attention to education quality. This case study describes the campaign that led to improvements in Tanzania’s schools.

A short summary and one page summary of this case study are available in English. Summaries are also available in: