December 2019 | By Chloe Cho and Jason Lakin, International Budget Partnership and Ulla Griffiths, UNICEF
Significant progress has been made in the accessibility and coverage of vaccination globally, but challenges remain. Lack of coordination, conflicting priorities and poor public financial management systems can undermine the impact of investments and benefits of immunization. Accordingly, one of the critical questions in immunization financing is how much is being spent.
This brief explores immunization spending, drawing on budget data from BOOST. Our objective was to look at the “budget credibility” of specific line items.
Download the brief here.
December 2019 | By Guillermo Herrera and Jason Lakin, International Budget Partnership
Across the world, budget systems differ. One aspect of this variation concerns the degree to which executives are constrained from making changes to the budget during implementation. These rules can be more or less restrictive, and the degree to which executives follow formal rules may vary as well.
In this report, we review a few rules and practices in select countries that tend to enhance executive discretion over budget implementation. Our exploration complements a forthcoming IBP quantitative analysis (Cho and de Renzio 2020) that found that the quality of public financial management (PFM), including controls during budget execution, contributed to higher credibility of the budget in aggregate and compositional terms.
Download the paper here.
December 2019 | By Chloe Cho and Jason Lakin, International Budget Partnership
This paper investigates the link between underspending and performance in the irrigation sector, focusing on 5 countries. Lack of transparency makes it difficult to establish this relationship, but available evidence suggests that failure to spend budgets can impede the execution of irrigation projects, affecting SDGs.
Reaping What You Sow: A look at underspending on irrigation in 5 countries (December 2019)
Underspending on Irrigation in Albania
Underspending on Irrigation in Brazil
Underspending on Irrigation in the Dominican Republic
Underspending on Irrigation in Kenya
Underspending on Irrigation in Mozambique
September 2019 | By Paolo de Renzio, Jason Lakin, and Chloe Cho, International Budget Partnership
As countries increasingly focus on meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), attention is often focused on the financing gap governments face in meeting their commitments. Not enough questions are being asked about governments’ capacity to effectively manage and spend the resources that they already have – or say they have. In this paper, we use a recent dataset to look at how “credible” government budgets are across the world – by “credible” we mean the extent to which actual spending matches the approved budget – and, at how spending in specific areas of government intervention is affected.
Budget Credibility Across Countries: How Deviations are Affecting Spending on Social Priorities (September 2019)
April 2019 | International Budget Partnership
The study of budget credibility examines the extent, nature, causes, and consequences of deviations from approved budgets. Given the degree to which budget deviations can impact major social priorities in health, education, and beyond, it is essential that governments communicate about them. As part of the International Budget Partnership’s Assessing Budget Credibility Project, 24 civil society partners in 23 countries identified a budget credibility challenge in their country and scrutinized a case where the government consistently failed to raise or spend funds as it said it would at the start of the fiscal year. Partners looked for explanations for deviations in published documents and then sought interviews with public officials to further understand the deviations.
These budget credibility country snapshot reports summarize our partners’ research. The broader synthesis report on these findings can be found here.