This guide examines the evolution of program-based budgeting Kenya between 2013/14 and 2015/16, following an example from the health sector. It considers a number of key aspects of a program-based budget, how these have improved over time, and how they could be further improved. These aspects include: narrative links to the budget figures, clarity of programs, subprograms and further disaggregation, and information on external funding. The guide then compares the information made available in Kenya’s 2014/15 program-based budget with South Africa’s and Uganda’s 2014/15 budgets to get a sense of good practices in sub-Saharan Africa. This guide is intended to inform both national and county executives who must prepare their budgets in a program-based format, and those who provide oversight of the budget, particularly legislatures and civil society organisations.
Nearly ten years ago, the government of Uganda established the Universal Primary Education Program, designed to boost classroom attendance and increase literacy and education rates throughout the country. In less than a decade, the policy generated dramatic results, more than doubling the number of students enrolled in primary schools from 2.9 million to 6.3 million children.
Learn about ACODE’s budget analysis and advocacy work and its activities with the International Budget Partnership’s Partnership Initiative.