According to recent budget legislation, an annual budget execution report to the Office of the Auditor General will be required in the future. Such a report will facilitate greater transparency and accountability. In addition, the Rwandan government has begun posting most budget documents on its website, greatly increasing the public’s ability to access this information. The release of this and the other budget information the government is now making public is expected to improve Rwanda’s performance on the next OBI, to be released in 2010.


Minding the Gaps: Integrating Poverty Reduction Strategies and Budgets for Domestic Accountability

This study offers practical insights for donors and national governments on how to strengthen the links between poverty reduction strategies (PRSs) and national budgets, with a view to improving domestic accountability. It aims to answer the following questions: What challenges have arisen in countries where efforts have been made to integrate the PRS with the budget? What lessons have been generated by these experiences and what are the potential entry points for reforms to strengthen PRS-budget links? To answer these questions, the study reviews a series of case studies that document the status of budget and PRS integration in nine low-income countries — Albania, Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda — and the links between policies, budgets, and service delivery in four higher-income countries that are internationally considered to be successful reformers in public financial management — Australia, Chile, Republic of Korea, and South Africa.

A Review of Experience in Implementing Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks in a PRSP Context: A Synthesis of Eight Country Studies

CAPE has completed a cross-country comparative study of Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks (MTEFs) in eight African countries and one European country. A synthesis paper discusses the results of case studies conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Albania. MTEF development in each country is characterized as maturing, coming together, or struggling. The CAPE website features the individual papers from the 9 country case studies, and a Good Practice Guidance Note that was prepared to assist policy makers and donors in the implementation of an MTEF in the context of national poverty reduction strategies.